Digital Media Mash Up: February 2012 Week 4

In this Issue

Upcoming Events - In Washington, D.C. and Beyond

In the News:


Upcoming Events - In Washington, D.C. and Beyond

Washington, DC

The Legal Enabling Environment for Independent Media in Iraq
Wednesday, February 29, 2012, 10am-12pm
According to a new report commissioned by IREX and written by the Centre for Law and Democracy, Freedoms in Iraq: An Increasingly Repressive Legal Net , the government has introduced a number of legislative items relating to freedoms of expression and assembly. Of these proposed items, the Journalists' Rights Law, enacted in August 2011, contains problematic articles that create greater government control mechanisms, restrict journalists' independence, and limit who may practice journalism. Panelists will discuss the legal enabling environment for press freedom in Iraq as well as other challenges to Iraq's nascent independent media in the wake of the U.S. military and donor drawdown.
Featuring: Oday Hatem, Society for Defending Press Freedom; Lisa Kovack, IREX; Andrea Lemieux, Institute for War and Peace Reporting; Rahman Aljebouri, National Endowment for Democracy.
Location: National Endowment for Democracy, 1025 F Street, N.W., Suite 800
Washington, DC20004

Beyond Washington

Global Censorship Conference
March 30, 31, and April 1, 2012
The ubiquity of the Internet has added an additional layer of complexity to issues of government censorship. It is both an unrivaled tool for speech and an incredible tool for monitoring and surveillance. This conference will consider how censorship has changed in a networked world, exploring how networks have altered the practices of both governments and their citizens. Panels will include discussions of how governments can and do censor and how speakers can command technical and legal tools to preserve their ability to speak. The conference will conclude with a discussion of new controversies in censorship, including laws designed to prevent online bullying and intellectual property infringement.
Featuring: Rebecca MacKinnon, Jack Balkin, Yochai Benkler
Location: Yale Law School

Adapting Journalism to the Web
Thursday, April 5, 2012, 5-7 PM
New communications technologies are revolutionizing our experience of news and information. The avalanche of news, gossip, and citizen reporting available on the web is immensely valuable but also often deeply unreliable. How can professional reporters and editors help to assure that quality journalism will be recognized and valued in our brave new digital world?
Featuring: Jay Rosen, director of NYU's Studio 20 and Ethan Zuckerman, director of the Center for Civic Media at MIT.
Location: MIT, 633-E14, Media Lab

In the News

Global Censorship Update

View Global Censorship Update in a Google Map.

The Next Information Revolution: Abolishing Censorship

The most important battles of the Arab Spring were fought on the streets, but there was also a fierce battle over control of information. In Egypt, the government unplugged the Internet, shut down satellite channels, and orchestrated attacks on foreign correspondents. None of it worked. Protesters were able to keep channels of communication open to win sympathy and support for their cause, highlight the Egyptian government's record of abuse and corruption, and ensure there would be witnesses to any violence against them. The global visibility of the protests raised the cost of government repression to the point where it became unsustainable. (Committee to Protect Journalists, 2/21)

The U.N. Threat to Internet Freedom
On Feb. 27, a diplomatic process will begin in Geneva that could result in a new treaty giving the United Nations unprecedented powers over the Internet. Dozens of countries, including Russia and China, are pushing hard to reach this goal by year's end. As Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said last June, his goal and that of his allies is to establish "international control over the Internet" through the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a treaty-based organization under U.N. auspices. (The Wall Street Journal, 2/21)

CANADA: Canada's Online Surveillance Bill Threatens Web Users' Rights
Reporters Without Borders expresses its deep concern about Bill C-30, also known as the Protecting Children from Internet Predators Act, introduced in the House of Commons on 14 February by Canada's minister for public safety, Vic Toews. (Reporters Without Borders, 2/21),41...

CHINA: Chinese Activist Warned over Launching Website
A veteran Chinese pro-democracy campaigner based in Wuhan has been warned by state security police not to proceed with plans for a website aimed to promote "peaceful" reform. Qin Yongmin, who was freed from prison in November 2010 after serving a 10-year sentence for subversion, told Radio Free Asia he was surrounded by police last week as he came out of a computer store and taken to a police station. (Uncut, 2/23)

CHINA: Tibet Cut Off from the Rest of the World
Reporters Without Borders is alarmed at the blackout imposed by Chinese authorities on the provinces of Sichuan and Qinghai, as well as the autonomous region of Tibet, preventing all media coverage of protest movements there. (Reporters Without Borders, 2/23),41...

EGYPT: Internet Porn Unites Egyptian Salafi and Liberal MPs
Several Salafi and liberal MPs have finally agreed on something: blocking pornographic sites. If the parliament ratifies their request, it will set a precedent for Internet censorship in Egypt. (Al-Akhbar, 2/23)

INDIA: Yahoo, Gmail Asked to Route All Mails through Servers in India
Internet content providers including Yahoo, Gmail would be asked to route all emails accessed in India through the country even if the mail account is registered outside the country. (NDTV, 2/21)

INDIA: Is Online Freedom under Threat in India?
VIDEO: The government in India has pledged that it will not censor social media, in response to a growing uproar over its internet guidelines. The rules require websites to remove any content which could be offensive or objectionable within 36 hours of receiving a complaint. Critics say the approach is an infringement of free speech. The BBC's Rajini Vaidyanathan reports from Mumbai. (BBC, 2/20)

IRAN: Internet Again Disrupted in Iran Ahead of Election
Iranians faced a second and more extensive disruption of Internet access Monday, just a week after email and social networking sites were blocked, raising concerns about state censorship ahead of parliamentary elections. (Reuters, 2/20)

IRAN: Letter from Jailed Blogger Details "Blue Sky of Pain"
Dr. Mehdi Khazali, a jailed Iranian blogger, publisher and government critic, wrote a letter this month from prison describing a "blue sky of pain" of his first-hand experience with the injustice of jails in Iran where prisoners face torture and arbitrary death sentences. (Global Voices, 2/23)

KYRGYZSTAN: Bishkek Cuts Access to Regional News Site

Acting on an eight-month-old resolution passed by Kyrgyzstan's parliament, a state-run Internet company has blocked one of the region's top independent news sites. (Net Prophet, 2/23)

SAUDI ARABIA: The Mysterious Case of Hamza Kashgari
In deporting Saudi journalist Hamza Kashgari for his blasphemous tweets, the Malaysian government acted in its own interests and prioritised diplomacy, even if it might ultimately cost the columnist his life, argues Malik Imtiaz Sarwar. (Index on Censorship, 2/21)

SWEDEN: Swedish Piracy Crackdown: #2 Torrent Site Calls It Quits
Sweden's second largest torrent site has shut down its operations with immediate effect following threats from Antipiratbyran. In closing, the site - which appeared in Google's 2010 Zeitgeist report - bemoaned the "fascist tendencies" of the entertainment industries. Meanwhile, Sweden's Pirate Party is celebrating the influx of hundreds of new members as a direct result of the closure. (Torrent Freak, 2/23)

SYRIA: Journalists and Bloggers Arrested; Fears for Safety
The Writers in Prison Committee of PEN International fears for the safety of leading journalist Mazen Darwich, who was arrested on 17 February 2012 along with thirteen fellow press freedom activists and bloggers from the Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression. Darwich and six bloggers in the group remain detained incommunicado at an unknown location, and are considered to be at serious risk of torture and ill-treatment. (PEN International, 2/23)

SYRIA: Syrian Authorities Must Immediately and Unconditionally Release Mazen Darwish and Other Detained Activists
The undersigned Organisations call on the Syrian authorities to immediately and unconditionally release Mazen Darwish, a prominent Syrian human rights defender and Director of the Syrian Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression (SCM) - an organization that enjoys UN ECOSOC consultative status -, as well as seven of his colleagues and a visitor, who were arrested on 16 February 2012 during a raid on their Damascus offices. (Article 19, 2/22)

TUNISIA: Court Rules against Web Filtering in Key Test of New Freedoms
On 22 February the Cassation Court of Tunis (Tunisia's highest court of appeal) overturned a verdict ordering Tunisian Internet Agency (ATI) to filter pornography on the internet. The court has sent the case back to the Court of Appeal. (Uncut, 2/23)

Digital Media News Affecting Journalists and Activists

Media in the Digital Age
VIDEO: Abraham Seidmann, Xerox Professor of Computers and Information Systems and Operations Management in the Simon School of Business at the University of Rochester, offers his analysis of the future of media in the digital age. (University of Rochester, 2/23)

What the Media Can Learn from Facebook
Facebook, Google and Twitter aren't in the content business - they're in the relationship business. We need to do the same, says Jeff Jarvis. (The Guardian, 2/15)

Inside Forbes: How Long-Form Journalism Is Finding Its Digital Audience
I recently took part in a round-table discussion on "the future of content" - not that I or anyone there has a crystal ball. At one point during the exchange it was suggested that stories written for print - that is, longer-form journalism - don't work very well on digital platforms. I quickly took exception, knowing that 10 years ago I thought the same thing. How did I come to change my mind? (Forbes, 2/23)

How to Remove Your Google Search History Before Google's New Privacy Policy Takes Effect
On March 1st, Google will implement its new, unified privacy policy, which will affect data Google has collected on you prior to March 1st as well as data it collects on you in the future. Until now, your Google Web History (your Google searches and sites visited) was cordoned off from Google's other products. If you want to keep Google from combining your Web History with the data they have gathered about you in their other products, such as YouTube or Google Plus, you may want to remove all items from your Web History and stop your Web History from being recorded in the future. (Electronic Frontier Foundation, 2/21)

Blog Strategies
How should large media organizations handle their blogs? As editors struggle to increase their news coverage, to generate the indispensable serendipity and raise the "fun side" (much needed for legacy media that are often too stiff), how do they strategize their use of blogs? For an online media, is there an optimal number of blogs to carry? Should editors adopt a Mao Zedong "let thousands blogs blossom" posture? Or, on the contrary, be rigorously selective? (Monday Note, 2/19)

Are Aggregation and Curation Journalism? Wrong Question
The battle between traditional media and the blogosphere over aggregation (or "curation," if you prefer) continues to rage. In the latest skirmish, Forbes blogger Kashmir Hill got thrown under the bus by many for a recent blog post in which she summarized a New York Times piece about data-mining practices and privacy. According to her critics, Hill "stole" the story from the NYT, along with a lot of web traffic that rightfully belonged to the newspaper. Some argue that this doesn't deserve to be called "journalism" - but in many ways the eternal debate over what qualifies as journalism is a red herring. The reality is that aggregation and curation are part of the new media ecosystem, and they can add a lot of value whether we like them or not. (GigaOM, 2/23)

'Confirmed' and 'Sources' May Not Mean What You Think They Do on Twitter
There are always people - we like to call them sources - who have information prior to it being shared or discovered by the press. They could be experts with specific knowledge or access to information, or someone in the right place at the right time. The democratization of media has led many people to use the language of journalism and verification, but what they mean may be very different. (Poynter, 2/23)

6 Tips For Better Street Photography With Your iPhone [Interview]
Like many of us, Travis Jensen spends his lunch hour taking iPhone pics.
Unlike most of us, however, his moody urban landscapes and punchy black-and-white portraits have been the object of two photo books, shot with fellow street photography veteran Brad Evans, Tenderloin U.S.A. and the #iSnapSF Field Journal. (Cult of Mac, 2/23)

New Tool Determines Whether a Twitter Account Is Bot or Not
A journalism class at The New School in New York has created a tool that determines whether a Twitter account is curated by human or bot. (Poynter, 2/22)

Dylan's Desk: "Tech Journalist" Doesn't Have to Be an Oxymoron
The tech business deserves a better press corps. By "better," I don't mean "friendlier." I mean journalists and bloggers that treat technology with the same serious and critical eye that is (or should be) afforded to presidential candidates and Fortune 500 companies. (Venture Beat, 2/22)

Drone Journalism Takes Off
VIDEO: Drones play an increasing and controversial role in modern warfare. From Afghanistan and Pakistan to Iran and Yemen, they have become a ubiquitous symbol of Washington's war on terrorism. Now drones are starting to fly into a more peaceful, yet equally controversial role in the media. (ABC, 2/22)

John Paton to News Execs: Abandon the Gatekeeper Model
If there was an Uncle Sam-style campaign to recruit media executives into the "digital first" movement, John Paton would probably win the role of poster boy in a landslide. Even before he became the CEO of the giant MediaNews Group chain, Paton was calling on the media industry to give up its attachment to print and embrace the web and digital media. (GigaOM, 2/22)

Update on Digital Media Companies and Outlets

Tech Giants Agree to New Privacy Rules
Mobile apps will have to disclose how private data will be used before download under new agreement. (The Guardian, 2/23)

Web Firms to Adopt 'No Track' Button
A coalition of Internet giants including Google Inc. has agreed to support a do-not-track button to be embedded in most Web browsers-a move that the industry had been resisting for more than a year. (Wall Street Journal, 2/23)

Digital Brands Team for Own Upfronts
A group of leading brands in the digital content space are taking a page from the TV industry and hosting a series of presentations to advertisers inspired by the upfronts. (Variety, 2/22)|News|TechnologyNews

GOOGLE: Please Don't Kill Video on the Web
Earlier today, Microsoft filed a formal competition law complaint with the European Commission (EC) against Motorola Mobility and Google. We have taken this step because Motorola is attempting to block sales of Windows PCs, our Xbox game console and other products. Their offense? These products enable people to view videos on the Web and to connect wirelessly to the Internet using industry standards. (Microsoft on the Issues, 2/22)

GOOGLE: State Attorneys General: Google Privacy Changes Appear to Harm Consumers
Dozens of state attorneys general on Wednesday wrote Google's chief executive to express "strong concerns" that the company's new privacy policies starting next week will violate consumer privacy. (Washington Post, 2/22)

MOZILLA: Submit Once, Sell Everywhere? Mozilla to Open Mobile Web App Store
In an app-centric world, those who are trying to embrace mobile Web development have to think in terms of stores and marketplaces. Mozilla announced plans Wednesday for its own take on a mobile app shopping experience, one built around the promise that Web applications will bridge the gaps between mobile devices. (GigaOM, 2/22)

PINTEREST: Found Something You Love? Why Not Pin It on the Web?
Pinterest is pretty hot right now, although mostly it's just pretty. The image-based social media site describes itself as "a virtual pinboard" that "allows you to organise and share all the beautiful things you find on the web". (Irish Times, 2/22)

Digital Media in the Middle East

SYRIA: We Mourn the Loss of a Very Brave Syrian Journalist
This morning LIVE footage by a citizen journalist, Rami Ahmad Alsayeed - one of the persons behind the channel Syriapioneer on Bambuser, was aired all over the world by BBC World, SkyNews, Al Jazeera and many more. All showed live footage from the roof where Rami and his friends had their camera, documenting the heavy shelling from the Assad Forces hovering over BabaAmr in Homs, Syria. In the afternoon, cameraman and journalist Rami Ahmad Alsayeed did his last broadcast - he and three of his friends were soon after this killed by the Assad armed forces on the streets of BabaAmr. (Bambuser, 2/21)

TUNISIA: Tunisian Blogger Tells of Assault by Police
In a period of less than three months, Zakaria Bouguira, a Tunisian blogger and medical student, has been assaulted twice by police. (Uncut, 2/23)

Africa Update

AFRICA: Nigieria's Phase3 Telecom to Boost Fiber Optics in West Africa
Leading Nigerian fiber optic provider Phase3 Telecom said in a statement on Wednesday that they are planning to push forward aerial fiber optic networks in Ghana, Ivory Coast and Senegal. The move will boost their presence in West Africa and push forward better telecom services for customers, the statement continued. (Bikyamasr, 2/23)

AFRICA: The Freedom on the Net 2011
It is rare to find Africa ranked favourably on a global index.
The recent Freedom House index, Freedom on the Net 2011 that identifies key trends on internet freedom in 37 countries, is an exception. The study measured each country's level of internet and new media freedom and governments' response to it. (Africa Review, 2/23)

AFRICA: It's a Monster....Africa's Broadcasting Growth Tracked in a New 500+ Page Report Released this Week
The African broadcasting market has been growing rapidly. New players have sprung up in liberalised markets and there is growing international interest from external investors. Tracking this growth is far from easy but Balancing Act has taken 10 months to produce what is almost certainly the most detailed report on the African broadcast market. Russell Southwood outline what's in this "monster-size" report. (Balancing Act, 2/16)

KENYA: URP Website Hacked During Launch
Kenya's newly energized political party, united Republican Party (URP) has this morning been launching their membership drive where they are looking to use the SMS and computers more than anything. Well that is good but the bad news for URP is that it looks like hackers are all over their website. (TechMtaa, 2/23)

ZIMBABWE: Review: NetOne Mobile Broadband Internet Service
Towards the end of last year Zimbabwe's state owned mobile operator, NetOne, launched its mobile broadband service. Over the weekend this writer decided to test the service and see how it performs. As a side note, before one is able to use the service, one has to have their line activated for mobile broadband, something which I found bemusing considering that other operators nowadays offer lines already activated. (TechZim, 2/23)

Social Media in the Political Sphere

FRANCE: Fact-checking Blogs Turn Up Heat on French Candidates
As French presidential hopefuls jostle their way to the April 22 poll, a handful of political fact-checking websites are shaking up traditional journalism in France. (France 24, 2/23)

GEORGIA: Online Campaign Targets Russian President's Facebook Page

With Russian soldiers stationed in Georgia's breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, a group of users proposed to mark the Defender of the Fatherland Day on February 23 by posting anti-occupation comments on Russian President Dmitry Medvedev's Facebook page. (Global Voices, 2/23)

MEXICO: Mexican Politicians Embrace Social Media
Mexican politicians are using social networks in sleight of hand similar to the ones they used in elections before the age of technology, say critics. Instead of paying voters to show up for the vote, or stuffing boxes - known practices in previous mid-term or presidential elections - today's savvy campaign managers are helping their candidates swell up their numbers of Twitter followers and Facebook "likes". (Uncut, 2/17)

Around the Blogosphere

To Tweet or Not to Tweet
A few years ago David Weinberger wrote that transparency is the new objectivity. The debate has continued ever since. Is transparency the new objectivity? (CIMA Media Blog, 2/22)

Discussing the Relationship Between Citizen Journalists and Professionals
What should the relationship be between "citizen journalism" and traditional journalistic professionalism? As a question often asked, this was the topic of a panel at a UNESCO conference last week (The Canadian Journalism Project, 2/23)

La La La La La: The Internet Routes Around Copyright Censorship To Restore Daria

One of the things I've never liked about copyright is its potential to be the functional equivalent of censorship. Sometimes this censorship comes about because an author didn't get permission to create his work in the first place. While this unfortunately turns judges into cultural gatekeepers, it's been deemed a necessary balance between copyright law and the First Amendment, and harm to the public is arguably lessened by the fact that we don't know what we're missing; because the censored work is never able to reach and impact us, we've only lost the potential of its cultural contribution. (TechDirt, 2/22)


Wikileaks: Lessons for Press Policy & Regulation
WikiLeaks has achieved the publication of the biggest leak of confidential information in journalism history. The Afghan, Iraq, and Diplomatic cable disclosures were on an unprecedented scale and extent. While the information they contained was not of the highest security classification it did provide the evidence for an extensive, varied and detailed critique of American military actions and foreign policy. Putting aside discussion of their actual political impact, it is fair to say that the leaks were a significant media challenge to the American authorities. The hostile response on the part of governments and corporations to WikiLeaks has implications for press policy and regulation. (London School of Economics, 2/22)

Paul Conneally: Digital Humanitarianism
VIDEO: The disastrous earthquake in Haiti taught humanitarian groups an unexpected lesson: the power of mobile devices to coordinate, inform, and guide relief efforts. At TEDxRC2, Paul Conneally shows extraordinary examples of social media and other new technologies becoming central to humanitarian aid. (TED, February 2012)

Open, Multistakeholder, and Free: the OECD Principles' Vision of Internet Policy
Internet governance is an increasingly hot topic - just this week, FCC Commissioner Robert McDowell warned against a potential grab by the International Telecommunications Union for formal regulatory authority over the Internet. To date, the Internet has been exempted from ITU regulations, which historically have focused on telephone and radio. Commissioner McDowell is right: Shifting Internet governance to this top-down, prescriptive model would be a massive upheaval of the decentralized, multistakeholder policy foundation that has, for decades, fostered the development of the open Internet. (Center for Democracy and Technology, 2/23)

Statement by Commissioner Karel De Gucht on ACTA
''I am glad to say that this morning my fellow Commissioners have discussed and agreed in general with my proposal to refer the ACTA agreement to the European Court of Justice. We are planning to ask Europe's highest court to assess whether ACTA is incompatible - in any way - with the EU's fundamental rights and freedoms, such as freedom of expression and information or data protection and the right to property in case of intellectual property. (European Commission, 2/22)

BURMA: A Different Kind of Record: Burma, BarCamp and the Lady
Once again, a global record was shattered in Myanmar/Burma. This time, the record wasn't for the largest number of child soldiers (designated by Human Rights Watch in 2002), the world's longest-running civil conflict, or the jailing of dissidents. Instead, this month organizers in the largest city, Yangon, broke the record for the largest number of attendees at a BarCamp, a type of user-generated technology conference that has been hosted all over the world. (Huffington Post, 2/21)

CHINA: Eight Questions on the State of the Internet in China
China Real Time editor Josh Chin talks about the current state of the Internet in China with Rebecca MacKinnon, former CNN Beijing bureau chief, Global Voices founder and author of 'Consent of the Networked: The Worldwide Struggle for Internet Freedom'. Their discussion touches on the heavy burden of expectation placed on microblogging, the Party's adaptation to the Internet age, the China policies of Western companies such as Google, Twitter and Facebook, and the unintended consequences of US anti-piracy measures. (China Digital Times, 2/22)

CHINA: Tea Leaf Nation: A Look at China through a Social Media Lens
Three former Harvard students are mining in-country social media sites to deliver news and viewpoints from Chinese citizens. (Nieman Journalism Lab, 2/23)

FRANCE: Do You Need Permission To Take A Photo With A Chair In It? You Might In France...
The British Journal of Photography (BJP) brings us yet another story of aggressive assertion of copyright wreaking harm on artists -- the very people it allegedly empowers. It concerns some photos in Getty Images' stock library that have chairs in them. Because a few of those chairs are "famous" in the sense that they were produced by a couple of designers that worked with the architect Le Corbusier, the heirs of those designers, together with the Le Corbusier Foundation, have sued Getty Images in France for copyright infringement -- and won. (TechDirt, 2/23)

INDIA: Phone Journalism Gives a Voice to India's Rural Poor
As a journalist hailing from the Indian state of Chhattisgarh, the epicenter of a violent Maoist insurgency, Shubhranshu Choudhary was regularly confronted with the shortcomings of his profession. Yet despite their centrality to the conflict, the voice of the tribal people was almost completely absent from the national media conversation. (CNN, 2/22)

INDIA: IB Demands TeleMin for Mechanism to Track Internet Usage on Mobile Phones
The intelligence bureau (IB) has demanded that the telecoms ministry ask mobile phone companies to put mechanisms in place to track internet usage on mobile phones. (Economic Times, 2/23)

POLAND: Polish Prime Minister Steps Up His Anti-ACTA Efforts After Hosting 7-Hour Open Q&A Via IRC
A few weeks ago, we noted that Poland's Prime Minister Donald Tusk had agreed to suspend attempts to ratify ACTA while he explored the details -- completely flip-flopping on his earlier adamant support for the agreement. However, late last week he went even further. Rather than just putting off the issue, he's now actively campaigning against ACTA throughout Europe. (TechDirt, 2/22)

UNITED KINGDOM: 'Third of UK Postcodes' Have Slow Broadband Speeds
A third of homes in the UK have broadband speeds well below the national average, according to research from price comparison site uSwitch. (BBC, 2/23)


Mapping Digital Media: Digital Media, Conflict and Diasporas in the Horn of Africa
The Horn of Africa is one of the least connected regions in the world. Nevertheless, digital media play an important social and political role in Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia (including South-Central Somalia and the northern self-declared independent Republic of Somaliland). This paper shows how the development of the internet, mobile phones, and other new communication technologies have been shaped by conflict and power struggles in these countries. (Open Society Foundations, February 2012)

Mapping Digital Media: Albania
In Albania, digital terrestrial broadcasting has so far affected mainly the capital and other cities, while the rest of the country and especially the rural areas have hardly been affected due to insuffi cient coverage and lower economic capacity. Economic reasons, as well as delayed legislation, have contributed to the slow speed of digitization, and official allocation of the digital spectrum has yet to start. (Open Society Foundations, February 2012)

Juniper Mobile Security Report 2011 - Unprecedented Mobile Threat Growth
Today, the Juniper Networks Mobile Threat Center (MTC) released its 2011 Mobile Threats Report, which shows evidence of a new level of maturity in security threats targeting mobile devices. This past year saw a significant increase the amount of mobile malware, its sophistication, as well as new nimble social-engineering based attacks. As mobile users download more applications than ever before, they are turning out to be the "killer app" for hackers. (Juniper, 2/14)

Video Streaming Held 42% Share of Global Mobile Bandwidth in H2 '11
Video streaming traffic continues to dominate mobile broadband, holding a 42% share of all global bandwidth in H2 2011, up from 35% in H1, according to a February 2012 report from Allot Communications. (Marketing Charts, 2/22)

Youth and Digital Media: From Credibility to Information Quality
Building upon a process- and context-oriented information quality framework, this paper seeks to map and explore what we know about the ways in which young users of age 18 and under search for information online, how they evaluate information, and how their related practices of content creation, levels of new literacies, general digital media usage, and social patterns affect these activities. A review of selected literature at the intersection of digital media, youth, and information quality - primarily works from library and information science, sociology, education, and selected ethnographic studies - reveals patterns in youth's information-seeking behavior, but also highlights the importance of contextual and demographic factors both for search and evaluation. Looking at the phenomenon from an information-learning and educational perspective, the literature shows that youth develop competencies for personal goals that sometimes do not transfer to school, and are sometimes not appropriate for school. Thus far, educational initiatives to educate youth about search, evaluation, or creation have depended greatly on the local circumstances for their success or failure. (Berkman Center for Internet and Society, February 2012)