Digital Media Mash Up: February 2012, Week 3

In this Issue

Upcoming Events - In Washington, D.C. and Beyond

In the News:

Research


Upcoming Events - In Washington, D.C. and Beyond


Washington, DC


Global Internet Freedom and Human Rights Distinguished Speaker Series
Wednesday, February 22, 2012, 12pm
About: A journalist and an activist, Rebecca MacKinnon examines the intersection of the internet, human rights, and foreign policy. As a senior fellow at the New America Foundation, Ms. MacKinnon examines U.S. policies related to the internet and human rights. Her first book, Consent of the Networked, is a forthcoming publication by Basic Books. She is the co-founder of Global Voices Online, a global citizen media network, and is also a founding member of the Global Network Initiative, a multi-stakeholder initiative to advance principles of freedom of expression and privacy in the information and communications technology sector. Ms. MacKinnon worked as a journalist for CNN in Beijing for nine years, serving as CNN's Beijing bureau chief and correspondent, and then as CNN's Tokyo bureau chief and correspondent.
Featuring: Remarks by Rebecca MacKinnon, co-founder, Global Voices Online, and Bernard L. Schwartz Senior Fellow, New America Foundation
Location: George Washington University School of Law
Info: http://www.law.gwu.edu/News/20112012events/Pages/SpeakerSeries.aspx

The Legal Enabling Environment for Independent Media in Iraq
Wednesday, February 29, 2012, 10am-12pm
About:
According to a new report commissioned by IREX and written by the Centre for Law and Democracy, Freedoms in Iraq: An Increasingly Repressive Legal Net , the government has introduced a number of legislative items relating to freedoms of expression and assembly. Of these proposed items, the Journalists' Rights Law, enacted in August 2011, contains problematic articles that create greater government control mechanisms, restrict journalists' independence, and limit who may practice journalism. Panelists will discuss the legal enabling environment for press freedom in Iraq as well as other challenges to Iraq's nascent independent media in the wake of the U.S. military and donor drawdown.
Featuring: Oday Hatem, Society for Defending Press Freedom; Lisa Kovack, IREX; Andrea Lemieux, Institute for War and Peace Reporting; Rahman Aljebouri, National Endowment for Democracy.
Location: National Endowment for Democracy, 1025 F Street, N.W., Suite 800
Washington, DC20004
RSVP: http://media-law-iraq.eventbrite.com/


In the News


Global Censorship Update


View Global Censorship Update in a Google Map.


Reporters Without Borders Creates Mirror Sites to Fight Censorship
Filtering, denial of service attacks, withdrawal of content - censors use many different methods to silence news websites. In addition to drawing attention to these acts of censorship and providing the victims with legal, material and financial help, Reporters Without Borders has now decided to provide them with technical assistance as well. (Reporters Without Borders, 2/8)
http://en.rsf.org/rwb-mirror-censorship-08-02-2012,41825.html

EFF Unveils New Project: Bloggers Under Fire
2011 was by many accounts 'the year of the protester.' From Tunisia to Oakland, activists took to the streets-and to social networks-to express themselves and their grievances. But while many were successful in using online tools in their activism, others faced grave consequences. We have created a new landing page to track instances of bloggers and other Internet users being threatened, arrested, harassed, or otherwise harmed. (Electronic Frontier Foundation, 2/13)
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/eff-unveils-new-project-bloggers-u...

BAHRAIN: Arrest of Human Rights Defender Zainab Al-Khawaja
A Bahraini Blogger and activist, Zainab Al-Khawaja (@angryarabia) -28 years old- was arrested on February 12, 2012, while marching peacefully towards the Pearl Roundabout in Manama. It is the second time in which she was arrested by the security forces in Bahrain during the last two months. Reports confirmed that Zainab Al-Khawaja has been questioned by the Public Prosecution Office and charged with "illegal gathering of more than five people". She will be kept in police custody for7 days pending investigation. (Gulf Center for Human Rights, 2/14)
http://www.gc4hr.org/news/view/70

CHINA: Bitter Jokes about Censorship
Yuzhe Ziyu, a netizen living in Chongqing, posted a call for tales of censorship on his Google+ profile on February 3. Here are the responses he received. (China Digital Times, 2/14)
http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2012/02/bitter-jokes-about-censorship/

INDIA: India Will Never Censor Social Media - Sibal
No Indian government will ever censor social media, Information Technology Minister Kapil Sibal said, seeking to calm fears of a China-style crackdown on companies like Google and Facebook. (Reuters, 2/14)
http://in.reuters.com/article/2012/02/14/sibal-no-censorship-on-social-m...

IRAN: Google Confirms Gmail and YouTube Blocked in Iran Since Feb. 10
Google Inc.'s (GOOG) encrypted search, Gmail, Google Videos and YouTube have been blocked in Iran since Feb. 10, the company said in an e-mailed response to a query. (Bloomberg, 2/13)
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-02-13/google-confirms-gmail-and-youtu...

IRAN: Journalists Threatened by Email "You Will be Punished"
Reliable sources, including one Iranian journalist, have told Global Voices that several Iranian activists and journalists have received an email threatening that they will be punished according to the "Islamic Punishment" law of the Islamic Republic of Iran. (Global Voices Advocacy, 2/14)
http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2012/02/14/iran-journalists-threa...

MOROCCO: Moroccan Activist's Arrest Signals Crackdown on Speech
News emerged from Morocco last week that 18-year-old Walid Bahomane was sent to a juvenile facility to await trial on charges of "defaming Morocco's sacred values" for a Facebook post about the country's monarch. There is now news that yet another young Moroccan is in trouble for online comments about the king. (Electronic Frontier Foundation, 2/15)
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/moroccan-activists-arrest-signals-...

SAUDI ARABIA: Man Might Face Death Penalty for Tweets: Hamza Kashgari
Saudi Arabian national Hamza Kashgari risks being charge d of apostasy , punishable by death , for remarks he posted on Twitter. He was forcibly returned to Saudi Arabia on 12 February from Malaysia, after he had left the country amid death threats for the posts. He is now in detention in Saudi Arabia. (Amnesty International, 2/13)
http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/MDE23/002/2012/en/3d97adea-6c10-...

SYRIA: Syria Arrests Iconic Blogger Ghazzawi: Lawyer
Security forces on Thursday arrested blogger Razan Ghazzawi, icon of the 11-month uprising in Syria, along with rights activist Mazen Darwish and 12 others, opposition figures said. (Daily Star, 2/16)
http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2012/Feb-16/163515-syria-ar...

THAILAND: Internet Censorship in Thailand and Waiting for w3.mict.go.th
Internet censorship is nothing new in Thailand, but lately it has gone from bad to worse. Many of you probably wonder why Internet is so slow and unreliable in Thailand, resulting in a lot of request ending on a blank page or truncated content. This not only because of poor infrastructure. Just look at the bottom of your screen and get the answer : waiting for w3.mict.go.th. This is the address of the Ministry of Information and Technlogy of Thailand. (Thailand Business News, 2/14)
http://thailand-business-news.com/tech/35489-internet-censorship-in-thai...

UZBEKISTAN: Wikipedia Articles In Uzbek Blocked
Articles in the Uzbek language on the Wikipedia website have not been accessible in Uzbekistan for several weeks. (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 2/16)
http://www.rferl.org/content/uzbek_wikipedia_blocked/24486460.html


Digital Media News Affecting Journalists and Activists


Wall Street Journal, USA Today Finding Ways to Use Social Media Site Pinterest for Reporting
Pinterest, the social media curating site that allows users to "'pin' (bookmark) things you like -- photos, recipes, crafts, design ideas, photography, art, etc., and silo those items into 'boards,'" as MediaShift described it, might just be the next big thing for journalism, as cliché as that sounds. (Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas, 2/13)
http://knightcenter.utexas.edu/blog/00-9011-both-wall-street-journal-usa...

The Bond Between Data and Journalism Grows Stronger
While reporters and editors have been the traditional vectors for information gathering and dissemination, the flattened information environment of 2012 now has news breaking first online, not on the newsdesk. That doesn't mean that the integrated media organizations of today don't play a crucial role. Far from it. In the information age, journalists are needed more than ever to curate, verify, analyze and synthesize the wash of data. To learn more about the shifting world of data journalism, I interviewed Liliana Bounegru (@bb_liliana), project coordinator of SYNC3, the first international Data Journalism Awards, and Data Driven Journalism at the European Journalism Centre. (O'Reilly Radar, 2/14)
http://radar.oreilly.com/2012/02/data-journalism-computer-assisted-repor...

Journalists Should Learn Best Practices for Fair Use in Digital Age
As we listened to the 80 journalists we interviewed over the last year for a study, Copyright, Free Speech, and the Public's Right to Know: How Journalists Think about Fair Use, we got a clear message: hard-working journalists are often confronted with copyright questions that threaten to keep them from doing their jobs well. (PBS Mediashift, 2/15)
http://www.pbs.org/mediashift/2012/02/journalists-should-learn-best-prac...

6 Things We Learned about Journalism from Social Media Week
In two Social Media Week panels Tuesday in Washington, D.C., O'Reilly Media's Alex Howard (better known as @digiphile) posed good questions to journalists from major news outlets and representatives from major tech companies. Their answers revealed how technology and social media are changing campaigns and the media coverage of them in 2012. (Poynter, 2/15)
http://www.poynter.org/latest-news/media-lab/social-media/163101/6-thing...


Update on Digital Media Companies and Outlets


FACEBOOK: Did Facebook Help French President Nicolas Sarkozy With His Timeline?
Much like Newt Gingrich became the first Republican presidential candidate to upgrade to Facebook timeline, French President Nicolas Sarkozy became the first potential presidential candidate in his country to do so, but not without some controversy. (All Facebook, 2/15)
http://www.allfacebook.com/sarkozy-timeline-facebook-2012-02

FACEBOOK: It's Not About You, Facebook. It's About Us.
This month, when Facebook filed to go public, its employees cracked open the Champagne. But I had a flashback - a memory of a two-year-old fight with a good friend. (New York Times, 2/14)
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/12/business/facebook-and-its-users-so-mut...

GOOGLE: US, EU Clear Google's $12.5B Motorola Mobility Bid
Google's $12.5 billion bid to buy cellphone maker Motorola Mobility has won approvals from U.S. and European antitrust regulators, moving Google a major step closer to completing the biggest deal in its 13-year history. (Associated Press, 2/13)
http://news.yahoo.com/us-eu-clear-googles-12-5b-motorola-mobility-221644...

GOOGLE: France Convicts Google Maps for Unfair Competition
A French commercial court has found Google guilty of abusing the dominant position of its Google Maps application and ordered it to pay a fine and damages to a French mapping company. (AFP, 2/1)
http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5hpu8TuRZEBjM30sFn8c7Q...

TWITTER: Senators Question Twitter's Censorship
Sens. Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) and Tom Coburn (R-Okla.) demanded answers from Twitter CEO Dick Costolo on Wednesday about his company's new policy to allow governments to censor some tweets. (The Hill, 2/15)
http://thehill.com/blogs/hillicon-valley/technology/210893-durbin-and-co...


Digital Media in the Middle East


Images of Revolution
VIDEO: The uprisings that have shaken the Arab world were galvanised by photographs and videos taken by ordinary citizens using their mobile phones. Spread via social media platforms like Twitter and Facebook, these images offered the outside world a glimpse inside countries such as Tunisia and Egypt as the people took to the streets to overthrow their dictators and to demand justice. (Al-Jazeera, 2/16)
http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/revolutionthrougharabeyes/2012/02/20...

Pinterest, Meet Arab Spring: Clone Site Collects Videos of Protest
News website Middle East Voices has created a digital forum for footage from Arab Spring protests, focusing on Bahrain - and the result looks a lot like hot startup Pinterest.
Lulu Live, launched on the one year anniversary of Feb. 14 protests in Bahrain, is a grassroots social journalism site, curated by Middle East Voices editors. (Mashable, 2/15)
http://mashable.com/2012/02/14/lulu-live-arab-spring/

EGYPT: A Year After the Egyptian Revolution, 10% of Its Social Media Documentation Is Already Gone
In April, OR Books published Tweets from Tahrir, a book of tweets sent from Ground Zero of the democratic revolution that played out in Egypt last year. The book, its promotions declare, "brings together a selection of key tweets in a compelling, fast-paced narrative, allowing the story of the uprising to be told directly by the people in Cairo's Tahrir Square. History has never before been written in this fashion." (The Atlantic, 2/16)
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/12/02/a-year-after-the-egy...

LEBANON: Roundup on Get Together 001 - Lebanese Bloggers Meeting
Get Together 001 - The first get together for Lebanese bloggers that is organized by LebAgg - took place last Thursday at Alt City - Hamra, catered by Zaatar w Zeit, and the bloggers themselves who were kind enough to bring, potato chips, crackers, even strawberries and what not to the event. (Lebanon Aggregator, 2/12)
http://www.lebanonaggregator.com/2012/02/roundup-on-get-together-001-leb...


ACTA


ACTA is Useless... and a Threat, Says Ex-EU Lead Negotiator
Kader Arif was the European Parliament's rapporteur for the controversial ACTA agreement until he resigned on the day the agreement was signed. The Wall Street Journal Europe emailed Mr. Arif for his views. Unfortunately his reply came too late for our article, but as one of the protagonists his replies are of wider interest. (Wall Street Journal, 2/10)
http://blogs.wsj.com/tech-europe/2012/02/10/acta-is-useless-and-a-threat...

OSCE Media Representative Urges European Parliament to Reassess ACTA to Safeguard Freedom of Expression
In a letter to the President of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz, today, OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media Dunja Mijatović urged the Parliament to safeguard free expression when discussing the draft Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA). (OSCE, 2/14)
http://www.osce.org/fom/88154

ACTA: Anti-piracy Treaty Faces Further Setbacks in Europe
Following in the footsteps of Germany and Poland, Bulgaria and the Netherlands have indicated that they will not yet support ratification of the contentious anti-piracy treaty known as ACTA. (Digital Trends, 2/15)
http://www.digitaltrends.com/international/acta-anti-piracy-treaty-faces...

IFPI Accuses: "Protests Silence Democratic Process"
A lobbying letter, attributed to the IFPI, the international arm of the recorded music industry, and circulated by a coalition of rights-holders, attempts to wear the mantle of the moral high-ground in Europe's political battle over ACTA. This wolf in sheep's clothing also appears to have access to documents which have been denied to civil society. (IPtegrity, 2/14)
http://www.iptegrity.com/index.php/acta/744-ifpi-accuses-protests-silenc...


News on the Net


Looking to Europe for News-Industry Innovation, Part 1: Sanoma's Big Bundled Success
In the first part of our series on European models of news industry innovation, Ken Doctor looks at a Finnish publisher that's had success getting print readers to pay for online access. (Nieman Journalism Lab, 2/13)
http://www.niemanlab.org/2012/02/looking-to-europe-for-news-industry-inn...

Piano Media Bumps Up Slovak Paywall Price 25 Percent
The company continues to argue that philosophy, not socioeconomic status, determines a customer's willingness to pay for news. (Nieman Journalism Lab, 2.13)
http://www.niemanlab.org/2012/02/piano-media-bumps-up-slovak-paywall-pri...

On the Internet Everyone is a Journalist
To speak one's mind is a human right, while to hold one's tongue is against the basic tenets of democracy. Article 19 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that everyone has "the right to freedom of opinion and expression," and the right to "seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers." The notion of citizen journalism enables everyday people to voice their opinions, which supports the fundamental elements of democracy. (Jakarta Globe, 2/15)
http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/talkback/on-the-internet-everyone-is-a-jo...

There's No One-Size-Fits-All Social Media Policy In Journalism
Last week news broke about the new Twitter / social media policy that is being used by Sky News in the United Kingdom. Usually when you hear the words "news" and "social media policy", the instinct is to cringe and see how bad the damage is. This is no different. (10,000 Words, 2/13)
http://www.mediabistro.com/10000words/theres-no-one-size-fits-all-social...


Around the Blogosphere


Update on Internet Laws
Last month CIMA looked at the SOPA bill and how it compared to similar laws in France, Spain, Italy, and Denmark. Since then, several other pieces of legislation have passed or are being considered, most notably the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA). In recent days protests have broken out across Europe against ACTA. (CIMA Media Blog, 2/15)
http://cima.ned.org/blog/2012/02/update-on-internet-laws/

Mapping the Global Landscape About Media for Development
Freedom of the press has always been the backbone of democracy, and historically serves the fourth estate - a citizen's tool against tyranny. Globally, media have developed to serve a similar role, from the corruption reporting through cell phone technology in Kenya, to the explosion of social media in the Arab Spring. The discussion around aid and development often revolves around issues of health, economics, and education but some are wondering if media aid should be priority, and what will it take to get funders on board? (Sutradhar's Market, 2/14)
http://sutradharsmarket.wordpress.com/2012/02/14/mapping-global-landscap...

When Is the Social Curation Bubble Going to Burst?
You just can't move for social curation services right now. The biggest noise might be coming from Pinterest, which is growing like a weed - but whether it's the new-look Delicious, Switzerland's Paperli, shopping curation site Svpply, image service Mlkshk or another site, the fact is that almost everybody seems to want to help you save and sort and share the things you find on the web right now. (GigaOM, 2/14)
http://gigaom.com/2012/02/14/when-is-the-social-curation-bubble-going-to...

#mediamonday: How Far a Voice Can Carry
Today is World Radio Day, which celebrates the importance of radio and its ability to facilitate access to information and promote freedom of expression. Recognizing the "transformational power of radio" at its 36th general conference last November, the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization chose to hold the observance on February 13, which marks the day when UN Radio was launched in 1946. (CIMA Media Blog, 2/13)
http://cima.ned.org/blog/2012/02/mediamonday-how-far-a-voice-can-carry/


Etc.


Consent of the Networked: The Worldwide Struggle for Internet Freedom by Rebecca MacKinnon - book review
This thoroughly researched study finds fundamental freedom of information under constant threat in our online age. (The Guardian, 2/11)
http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2012/feb/12/consent-networked-rebecca-ma...

The Hollow Emptiness in Social Media Numbers - Most Accounts Are Fake or Empty
Increasing numbers of studies of social networks point to much smaller numbers of real and active users - sharply reducing the value of the platforms, and social media marketing. (ZD Net, 2/14)
http://www.zdnet.com/blog/foremski/the-hollow-emptiness-in-social-media-...

European Court of Justice Blocks Net-Filtering Bid
A social network cannot be required to install an anti-piracy filtering system, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has ruled. (BBC, 2/16)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-17060112

Tied Aid Goes Online
After the Stop Online Piracy Act, Congress is set to tackle a new cyber bill this month, one that could make U.S. foreign assistance conditional to a country's actions on cybercrimes, says Josh Rogin of The Cable. On Thursday (Feb. 16), a group of senators introduced the Cybersecurity Act of 2012. This is a piece of legislation that would allow for public-private sector cooperation in combating security threats online and enforce cybersecurity measures for companies with computer systems running at "critical infrastructure." The bill may seem harmless - at least for the aid community - but Rogin said one section links U.S. aid directly to cybercrimes in foreign countries. (Devex, 2/17)
http://www.devex.com/en/blogs/development-assistance-under-obama/tied-ai...

The Internet: An Instrument, Not An Instigator, Of Change
Recently, an image has circulated around the web and in the process has gained quite a bit of popularity. What is it? Nothing more than Homer Simpson's favorite food, the donut, explaining the bevy of social media outlets in which we waste an inordinate amount of time every day. Initially, the donut seems to be an odd medium through which to explain media networks, however upon further reflection the relationship between donuts and social media is quite evident: both, when consumed in excess amounts are unhealthy and make us unappealing to others. (PBH Network, 2/16)
http://www.prosebeforehos.com/cultural-correspondent/02/14/internet-inst...

AFRICA: Battle of Social Networking and Online Communities in Africa
Last year whilst visiting an aunt in south west area of Tanzania called Kyela, near Lake Malawi- I put my samsung cheap android smartphone on the dinner table . My cousin immediately reached it pulled up the Facebook app and used my profile to friend request me! I remain hidden on Facebook and he wanted to make sure we stayed in touch. I was shocked- I am pretty sure he had never seen an Android Samsung before- but had clearly been on Facebook on internet cafe's or through his feature phone- especially given that this remote part of Africa is a 2G/Edge zone. (Afrinnovator, 2/11)
http://afrinnovator.com/blog/2012/02/11/battle-of-social-networking-and-...

INDONESIA: Twitter's Influence in Indonesia
VIDEO: More Indonesian internet users sign up to Twitter compared to users in any other countries in the world. Chatter on Twitter has pushed for some social justice, embarrassing misbehaving government officials, as well as helping small businesses market their products. (BBC, 2/16)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17054274


Research


Mapping Digital Media: Hungary
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. (Open Society Foundations, February 2012)
http://www.soros.org/initiatives/media/articles_publications/publication...

Media and Telecoms Landscape Guides
infoasaid is producing a series of media and telecoms landscape guides to developing countries that are vulnerable to humanitarian crises. They are designed as a tool to help humanitarian agencies communicate effectively with crisis-affected communities. Each guide profiles an individual country that is at risk of natural disaster caused by climate change, extreme weather, and seismic activity and/or is exposed to the consequences of human conflict. (February 2012)
http://www.comminit.com/global/content/media-and-telecoms-landscape-guides